Catching snakes for their skin used to be a lucrative business in North Java. Now, with imports of snakes increasingly banned abroad and the use of buffalo hide as a substitute, snake catchers in Indonesia may soon have to find other sources of income.
In the 1960s, Bandung experienced a textile boom that brought prosperity and jobs to the area. In the present day, locals complain of endemic pollution and health problems linked to unscrupulous factories dumping their waste in the city’s waterways.
Along West Java’s longest river, the Citarum, chemical pollution, siltation and agriculture waste have made the waterway one of the world’s dirtiest. Those working on its banks say efforts are being made to clean it up. But will they turn the tide?