More than 85% of Indonesia’s population embraces Islam, making it the most populous Muslim nation on earth. For businesses peddling products aimed at Muslims, the 228 million followers of Islam in Indonesia represent a very lucrative market.

Plastic is no exception. The most dangerous pollutant of the ocean has its own market in Indonesia, with a number of producers making halal-certified plastics. This means that products don’t include any forbidden materials and are officially permissible in Islam—something very important to Muslim consumers in Indonesia.

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Richaldo Hariandja

Richaldo has been a journalist since 2013 and spent 4.5 years at the Media Indonesia Daily Newspaper, writing about politics, science, environmental issues, design and entertainment. He is greatly concerned about environmental issues in Indonesia and has been a member of the Society of Indonesia Environmental Journalists since 2016.

Aisyah Llewellyn

Aisyah Llewellyn is a British freelance writer based in Medan, Indonesia. She is a former diplomat and writes primarily about Indonesian politics, culture, travel and food.