Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte’s term started out in 2016 with a plethora of demands from the public, from addressing the ailing economy to dealing with the largely chaotic urban design that has exacerbated the much-criticised Metro Manila traffic.

In response, his administration touted “Build Build Build”, or BBB, as one of his flagship programmes. The BBB seeks to radically reshape the urban landscape with enormous infrastructure projects aimed at launching the Philippines into greater social development and decongesting cities.

This was also outlined in the leader’s 10-point socio-economic agenda made public at the start of his term. The agenda specifically declared the government’s intent to “accelerate annual infrastructure spending with public-private partnerships” and “pursue the relaxation of the Constitutional restrictions on foreign ownership.”

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Michael Beltran

Michael Beltran is a freelance journalist from the Philippines.