Research

Singapore’s “Fake News” Bill: The FAQ

The Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Bill—meant to tackle "fake news" in Singapore—has received criticism from local civil society, international rights groups, and tech companies. But what's in the Bill, and what are the concerns?
  • Thum Ping Tjin
  • Kirsten Han
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Out of Bounds: Freedom of Expression in Singapore Revisited

Lee Kuan Yew, as Prime Minister of Singapore (1959-90), took stringent measures to curtail freedom of expression in the city-state. Four years after his death, it’s time to take a look at whether there’s been any relaxation of state control over the media and change in its attitudes towards free speech.
  • James Rowlins
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Sebuah Pengenalan dengan umat Ahmadiyah Indonesia

Di antara populasi 260 juta penduduk Indonesia, 400.000 orang diantaranya merupakan penganut Islam Ahmadiyah. Tulisan ini berupaya memberikan penjelasan singkat atas pertanyaan-pertanyaan tersebut, berdasarkan sudut pandang seorang Muslim Ahmadi.
  • Qasim Rashid
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Explainer: The Ahmadiyya in Indonesia

There are 400,000 Ahmadiyya Muslims in Indonesia, among a population of 260 million people. What is the history of the Ahmadi believers in Indonesia? What are their differences with Sunni Muslims? And how have they been affected by religious repression in recent times? This article provides a brief introduction to these questions, from an Ahmadi perspective.
  • Qasim Rashid
research
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Foundations Laid, Directions Set

From its early years as an independent republic, Singapore has been closely aligned with the United States. While it has served Singapore well in the international trade environment of the past decades, will it survive the challenges of a shifting world?
  • Michael Barr
research
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Kejatuhan Pemerintahan Etnosentrik Elit di Malaysia

Konsosiasionalisme—pemerintahan dalam masyarakat majmuk, di mana ia terdiri dari pakatan golongan elit dari kumpulan kaum masing-masing—merupakan kedudukan politik Malaysia yang berpengaruh selama lebih dari 60 tahun. Kekalahan Barisan Nasional menandakan penamatan era konsosiasionalisme. Apa yang terjadi? Adakah kerajaan Pakatan Harapan satu bentuk kerajaan yang berkongsi kuasa ataupun adakah ia satu lagi demokrasi konsosiasionalisme?
  • Ooi Kok Hin
  • Clarence Kuna
research
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Kebangkitan Pemerintahan Etnosentrik Elit di Malaysia

Ini merupakan rencana susulan kepada rencana yang memaparkan keberakhiran konsosiasionalisme—pemerintahan dalam masyarakat majmuk, di mana ia terdiri dari pakatan golongan elit dari kumpulan kaum masing-masing—Barisan Nasional, di mana konteks sejarah dan asas konsosiasionalism sehinggalah kepada detik-detik mencabar semasa perjuangan untuk kemerdekaan Tanah Melayu dijejak dengan mendalam, sambil itu mengkaji bagaimana ia bertahan ketika era 1950an dan 1960an yang penuh dengan cubaan.
  • Ooi Kok Hin
  • Clarence Kuna
research
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The End of Ethno-centric Elite Rule in Malaysia

Consociationalism—the rule, in a plural society, by an alliance of elites from respective ethnic groups—has been Malaysia’s dominant political arrangement for over 60 years. The defeat of Barisan Nasional spells the end of consociationalism. What happened? And is the Pakatan Harapan government a new form of power-sharing or merely another form of consociational democracy?
  • Ooi Kok Hin
research
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The Rise of Ethno-centric Elite Rule in Malaysia

This is an accompanying article to the feature article on the end of Barisan Nasional’s consociationalism - the rule, in a plural society, by an alliance of elites from respective ethnic groups - and traces in length the historical context and the foundation of consociationalism to the days of the struggle for Malayan independence, and examines how it survived the trials of the 1950s and 1960s.
  • Ooi Kok Hin
research
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"They Beat Up Online Drivers There"

As ride-hailing apps spread in Southeast Asia, conflict and violence arise from the collision between drivers for these apps and drivers for conventional transport such as taxis. A close look at how conventional drivers justify their opposition to ride-hailing apps offers clues on appropriate government response.
  • Godofredo Ramizo Jr.
research
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The Rise and Fall of Thailand’s Print Media

How did Thailand’s newspaper public sphere go from an arena with critical reporting, where even the King engaged in public debate, to where it is now: heavily censored, with journalists fearful of reporting even on trivial matters?
  • David Hutt
research
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Awal bertemu ajal di Terengganu dan Kelantan

Perbincangan berkenaan ketidaksamarataan di Malaysia selalu berkait dengan kaum etnik, tetapi faktor geografi, sejarah, kelas masyarakat, dan dasar kerajaan juga memainkan peranan penting dalam masa hadapan seorang bayi lelaki yang lahir di negara ini.
  • Aidila Razak
research
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Kristang: Anatomy of a Unique Malaysian Language

A historical, cultural, and linguistic analysis of Kristang, a Portuguese-Malay creole that stems from Malacca’s globalised past but is struggling to survive in its globalising present.
  • Robert Laub
research

Dying Younger in Kelantan and Terengganu

The discussion of inequality in Malaysia usually proceeds on racial/ethnic lines, but geography, history, class, and policies play a massive role in determining the opportunities available to a young man at birth.
  • Aidila Razak
research

Mengembalikan “Undi Ketiga” Rakyat

Pilihanraya kerajaan tempatan merupakan satu aspek penting dalam politik Malaya pada tahun 1950an, tetapi ianya dimansuhkan pada tahun 1965. Kebangkitan semula demokrasi tempatan ini merupakan langkah pertama ke arah meningkatkan kebertanggungjawaban demokratik, ketelusan dan kejelasan dalam sistem politik.
  • Kenneth Cheng
  • Clarence Kuna
research

Restoring the People's “Third Vote”

Local elections were a crucial part of Malaya’s political landscape before being abolished in 1965. Reviving local democracy will increase democratic accountability, transparency and clarity in the political system.
  • Kenneth Cheng
research

Singapore’s Flawed Data Privacy Regime

The actual “Smart Nation” that Singaporeans live in is one where personal data is widely collected, inadequately protected, and easily misused; and the ruling elite benefits from keeping the public in a state of ignorance and apathy.
  • Tay Jing En
research

Bagaimana pilihan raya di Malaysia disalah atur

Persempadanan semula kawasan pilihan raya yang tidak sah dan yang melanggar perlembagaan akan mengakibatkan pilihan raya yang tidak adil dan ini akan membentuk Parlimen yang tidak menggambarkan pemilihan yang dibuat rakyat Malaysia.
  • Ooi Kok Hin
  • Clarence Kuna
research

How Malaysia's Election is Being Rigged

The unconstitutional and illegal redelineation of Malaysia’s constituencies will create an extremely unfair election and result in a Parliament that is unrepresentative of Malaysia’s people.
  • Ooi Kok Hin
research

The Use of Humiliation as a Political Tool

Singapore's Vandalism Act (1966) was designed, from the beginning, as a political tool to humiliate those who fight to exercise their right to free speech and political expression.
  • Thum Ping Tjin
research